Jyotirlinga

Jyotirlinga

Jyotirlinga, or Jyotirlinga, is the devotional representation of Lord Shiva. Jyoti means ‘Prakasam’ and Lingam is the ‘image or symbol’ of Lord Shiva; Jyotirlinga is the brightest sign of the Almighty Lord Shiva. There are twelve traditional Jyotirlinga shrines in India.

Mahadev. Shiva. The Destroyer of Evil. Called by different names but ultimately the Paramatma. Being a Hindu, many people see the word “Jyotirlinga” very few times. Lord Shiva is revered among the Jyotirlinga Hindus. Jyotirlingam is a shrine where Lord Shiva is worshiped in the form of Jyotirlingam. Now you ask what is Jyotirlinga? It is the brightest sign (phallus symbol) of the Almighty. There are 12 Jyotirlingaine India. It is believed that Lord Shiva first appeared on Earth on the night of the Astrid star, thus paying special homage to Jyotirlinga. There is no specific exhibition to identify the Jyotirlingas. Many believe that these sexes can be seen as columns stitched across the earth once you reach a higher level of spiritual achievement. In fact, there are 64 Jyotirlingas, of which 12 are the most sacred and most sacred. The 12 Jyotirlinga sites in India take the name of the main deity. Each regarded Shiva as a different manifestation. The primary image for all these sexes is the beginning and the end of the pillar or the “lingam” which represents the infinite nature of Lord Shiva.

12 Jyotirlingas in India are:

1. Somnath Jyotirlinga, Gujarat

2. Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga, Andhra Pradesh

3. Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, Madhya Pradesh

4. Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga, Madhya Pradesh

5. Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga, Jharkhand

6. Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga, Maharashtra

7. Rameshwar Jyotirlinga, Tamil Nadu

8. Nageshwar Jyotirlinga, Gujarat

9. Kashi Vishwanath, Varanasi

10. Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga, Nasik

11. Kedarnath Jyotirlinga, Uttarakhand

12. Ghrishneshwar Jyotirlinga, Aurangabad

1. Somnath Jyotirlinga, Gujarat

Somnath Temple at Prabhas Patan near Veraval in Saurashtra on the west coast of Gujarat is believed to be the first of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of Lord Shiva. It is an important pilgrimage and tourist destination of Gujarat. Rebuilt several times after being repurposed by many Muslim invaders and rulers and the Portuguese, the current temple was rebuilt in the Chaulakhya style of Hindu temple architecture and was completed in May 1951. Reconstruction started at the behest of the first Home Minister. India was completed after Vallabhbhai Patel and his death.

Somnath Jyotirlinga, Gujarat

Considered the first of 12 Jyotirlingas, it is one of the most revered shrines in the country. There is a legend about how this Jyotirlinga came into existence. According to the Shiva Purana, the Moon married the 27 daughters of the southern Prajapati, of which he is the most loved of Rohini. Seeing his disregard for other wives, Prajapati cursed the moon to lose its luster. Moon, accompanied by Rohini, approached Somnath and worshiped the Linga of Sparsa, then blessed Lord Shiva to regain and shine the beauty he had lost. At his request, Lord Shiva adopted the name Somachandra and lived there permanently. He became famous by the name of Somnath. Somnath has been destroyed and rebuilt many times in the history of Jyotirlinga.

        

2. Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga, Andhra Pradesh

Sri Bhramaramba Mallikarjuna Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the Hindu deities of Lord Shiva and Parvati at Srisailam in Andhra Pradesh, India.

Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga, Andhra Pradesh


The temple is regarded as one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva and one of the eighteen Shakti Peethas of the Goddess Parvati. Lord Shiva is worshiped as Mallikarjuna and the lingam is represented. His wife Parvati is portrayed as Brahmaramba. It is one of only three temples in India where both the Jyotirlinga and Shakti Peetha are revered.


It is also known as “Dakshina Kailash” and is one of the great Saivite shrines in India. The main deities in this temple are Mallikarjuna (Shiva) and Bhramaramba (Devi). According to the Shiva Purana, Ganesha was married before Kartikeya, which angered Kartikeya. He went to Crunch Mountain. All the gods tried to comfort him but in vain. Ultimately, Shiva-Parvati himself, though traveling to the mountain, was reversed by Kartikeya. They were very sad to see their son in such a state and Lord Shiva took the form of Jyotirlinga and lived on the mountain named Mallikarajna. Mallika means Parvati, another name of Lord Shiva. People believe that watching the peak of this mountain is liberating from all sin and the vicious cycle of life and death.

3. Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, Madhya Pradesh

Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, Madhya Pradesh
Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Ujjain

Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, which are considered to be the most sacred shrines of Lord Shiva. It is located in Ujjain, an ancient city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The temple is located on the side of Rudra Sagar Lake. The main deity, Lord Shiva, is believed to be self-styled in the form of lingam, as opposed to other images and sexes that are traditionally founded and invested in mantra-power.


History


Sultan Shams-ud-din Iltutmish destroyed the temple complex when he attacked Ujjain in 1234-5. It is believed that the Jyotirlinga was dismantled and tossed into the nearby ‘Kotitherth Kunda’ (a pond adjoining the temple) with the stolen jaladhari (a structure supporting the gender) during the invasion.


The current structure was built in 1734 AD by Maratha General Ranoji Shinde. Other members of his dynasty, including Mahadji Shinde (1730–12 February 1794) and Daulat Rao Shinde’s wife, Baija Bai, were further developed and maintained. (18271863). During the reign of Jayajirao Shinde (up to 1886), the main events of the then Gwalior State were held in the temple.


The Maratha rule was established in Ujjain in the eighteenth decade. Ujjain was entrusted with the administration of Peshwa Bajirao-1 to his trusted commander, Ranoji Shinde. In this regard, he rebuilt the famous Mahakala temple at Ujjain in the eighteenth c. AD.
After independence, the Ujjain Municipal Corporation replaced the Dev Stan Trust. Nowadays it is in the office of the District Collector of Ujjain.

4. Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga, Madhya Pradesh

Omkareshwar (IAST: Ōṃkārēśvar) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is situated on the island of the river Mandamata or Shivpuri in the Narmada river; The shape of the island is like a Hindu symbol.

Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga, Madhya Pradesh


There are two main temples of Lord Shiva, one on the island of Omkareshwar (whose name is “Lord of Omkara or Lord Omsund”) and one on the south bank of the Narmada River on the mainland of Amareshwar (whose name is “Amara Prabhu” or “Prabhu Immortals or Devas”).

History


According to the Hindu mythology, Vinya, the goddess who controls the mountain range of Vindhyachal worships Shiva and praises herself for her sins. He created a sacred geometric diagram and a linga made of sand and clay. It is believed that Lord Shiva rejoiced with worship and appeared in two forms – Omkareshwar and Amaleeshwara. The island was called Omkareshwar because of its appearance in the form of a mud mound. The temple has a shrine for Parvati and five-faced Ganpati.


The second story relates to Mandhata and his son’s penance. The king of the Ikshavaka clan worshiped Lord Shiva until he was manifested as Jyotirlinga, the great ancestor of Rama. Some scholars also describe the sons of the Mandhata — Ambarish, and Muchukunda — who practiced extreme penance and austerity here and pleased Lord Shiva. For this reason, the mountain was named Mandhata.


The third story from the Hindu scriptures says that there was a great war between the deities (gods) and the Danavas (demons), in which the donations were won. This is a big setback for the gods, which is why the gods prayed to Lord Shiva. Delighted with their prayer, Lord Shiva emerged in the form of the Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga and defeated the donors.
Adi Shankara Cave – Onkareshwar Sri Adi Shankara is said to have met his teacher Govindapad in a cave. The cave can also be seen beneath the Shiva temple where Adi Shankara doll is located.

5. Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga, Jharkhand

The Vaidyanath Temple is also known as Vaishnath or Baidyanath. It is located at Deoghar in Santhal Parganas region of Jharkhand. It is one of the most revered Jyotirlinga shrines, and the devotees believe that the heartfelt worship of this shrine will relieve a person of all his worries and hardships. People believe that worshiping this Jyotirlinga can bring salvation or salvation. According to a popular legend, King Ravana meditated and asked Lord Shiva to come to Sri Lanka and become invincible.

Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga, Jharkhand

Ravana tried to take Mount Kailash with him, but Shiva crushed it. Ravana asked for penance and, on a regular basis, it was stipulated that if the twelve Jyotirlingas were placed on the earth, it would remain in that place for eternity. While transporting to Sri Lanka, the groom entered Ravana’s body and he felt the need to relieve himself. Vishnu landed in the form of a lad and offered to hold the lingam at this time. However, Vishnu’s lingam was placed on the ground and it was rooted on the spot. As a form of penance, Ravana cut off his nine heads. Lord Shiva revived him and turned his head to the body like a Vaidya, hence this Jyotirlinga is called Vaidyanath.

6. Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga, Maharashtra

Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga, Maharashtra

Bhimashankar Temple is located in the Sahyadri region of Pune, Maharashtra. It is located on the banks of the Insurance River and is considered the source of this river. The legend about the existence of this Jyotirlinga is related to the son of Kumbhakarna, Bhima. Lord Vishnu realizes that he is the son of Kumbhakarana and is devastated by Lord Rama in his incarnation, vowing vengeance on Vishnu. He did penance to please Brahma who gave him immense power. After achieving this power, he began to create havoc in the world. He defeated a strong devotee of Lord Shiva- Kamrapeshwar and placed him in the dungeons. This angered Lord Shiva, who descended from the earth and sought to end this tyranny. The battle between the two and Lord Shiva finally burned the demon. All the gods requested Lord Shiva to make the place his home. Lord Shiva then manifested himself in the form of Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga. The sweat poured from the body of Lord Shiva after the war is believed to form the river.

7. Rameshwar Jyotirlinga, Tamil Nadu

Rameshwar Jyotirlinga, Tamil Nadu

Rameshwar Temple, located south of the 12 Jyotirlingas, is located on the island of Rameswaram on the Setu coast of Tamil Nadu. The temple is known for its architecture, with long decorated corridors, towers, and 36 tirthas. It is a time-honored shrine considered by many to be similar to Banaras. This Jyotirlinga is closely associated with the Ramayana and the successful return of Ram from Sri Lanka. Ram is believed to have stopped at Rameshwaram on his way to Sri Lanka and drank water on the beach: “You are worshiping me without worshiping me.” He received blessings from Lord Shiva who later became Jyotirlinga and lived in that place for eternity.


Historical Pilgrimage


The temple is one of the most famous shrines and there are many historical references to it. The Maratha rulers who ruled Thanjavur donated the temple to the temple by establishing chhatras or rest houses throughout Mayiladuthurai and Rameswaram between 1745 and 1837 AD.

8. Nageshwar Jyotirlinga, Gujarat

Nageshwar Jyotirlinga, Gujarat

The Nageshwar Temple, also known as the Naganathar Temple, is located on the route between Gomati Dwarka and Bait Dwarka Island on the Saurashtra coast of Gujarat. This Jyotirlinga is of special importance because it represents protection from all kinds of poisons. People who worship in this temple believe that they are free from all poisons. According to Shiva mythology, a demon named Supriya was captured by a demon named Daruka. The monster imprisoned her with many in her capital Darukavana. Supriya advised all the prisoners to chant “Om Namaha Shiva” which angered Supriya. Lord Shiva appeared before the devil and put an end to him. Thus came Nageshwar Jyotirlinga.

9. Kashi Vishwanath, Varanasi

The Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the most famous Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. The temple is located on the west bank of the holy river Ganga and is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas sacred among the Shiva temples. The main deity is called Sri Vishwanath and the ancient deity Vishweshwara means its ruler of Sanskrit script Vishweshwara which means ruler of the universe. In ancient times, the city of Varanasi was also known as Kashi, hence the temple is called Kashi Vishwanath Temple. The etymology of the name Vishweshwara is universal: universe, isha: lord; Vara: Excellent means the Supreme Lord of the universe, Parabrahman or Parameshwara, is its synonyms.

Kashi Vishwanath, Varanasi


The temple has long been referred to in Hindu scriptures as a central part of worship in Saiva philosophy. It has been destroyed and rebuilt many times in history. The last structure was overthrown by the sixth Mughal Emperor u Rangadeh who built the Jnanapi mosque in his place. The current structure was built in 1780 by Ahilya Bai Holkar of Indore, a Maratha ruler.


The temple has been maintained by the Uttar Pradesh Government since 1983. During the Shivaratri religious ceremony, Kashi Naresh (King of Kashi) was the chief executive priest.


History


The temple is mentioned in the Puranas, including the Kashi Khanda (section) of the Skanda Purana. In 1194, Qutub-ud-din Ibak’s army destroyed the original Vishwanath Temple, who defeated the Kannaui Raja as Mohammed Ghori commander. The temple was renovated during the reign of the Gujarati merchant Delhi Sultan Eltutmish (1211–1266 AD). It was again demolished in the reign of Hussain Shah Shargi (1447–1458) or Sikander Lodhi (1489–1517). In his family. Raja Todar Mal rebuilt the temple in 1585 with the funds of Akbar.


In 1669, Emperor U Rangabeu destroyed the temple and built the Jnanwapi Mosque in its place. The remains of the former temple can be seen on the base, pillars and the back of the mosque


In 1742, the Maratha ruler Malhar Rao devised a plan to dismantle the Holkar Mosque and rebuild the Vishweshwar Temple on this site. However, his plan did not materialize due to the intervention of the Lucknow Nawabs controlling the territory. In 1750, the Maharaja of Jaipur surveyed the land surrounding the site with the intention of buying land to rebuild the Kashi Vishwanath Temple. However, his plan to rebuild the temple did not materialize. In 1780, Ahilyabai Holkar, daughter of Malhar Rao, built the present temple next to the mosque. In 1828, Baija Bai, the wife of Daulat Rao Scindia, the Maratha ruler of the state of Gwalior, built a low-lying colonnade with more than 40 columns in the Gyan Vapi precinct. During 1833–1840 AD, the boundary of the Gyanwapi well, ghats, and other nearby temples were built. A 7-foot-tall stone statue of a Nandi bull gifted to Nepal by the Raja of Nepal is located to the east of the Colonnade. Many noble families and their earlier establishments from various ancestral kingdoms in the Indian subcontinent make a generous contribution to temple operations. In 1841, silver was donated to the Bhosales Temple in Nagpur. In 1835, Maharaja Ranjit Singh donated 1 tonne of gold for the temple dome.


The temple is maintained by the Pandas or Mahantas. After the death of Mahant Devi Dutt, controversy arose among his descendants. In 1900, his Bawa Pandit Visheshwar Dayal Tiwari filed a lawsuit which resulted in him being declared high priest.

10. Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga, Nasik

Trimbakeshwar Temple is situated on a mountain called Brahmagiri from the Godavari River, 30 km from Nasik, Maharashtra. The temple is considered to be the source of the Godavari River, known as the “Gautami Ganga” – the most sacred river in South India. According to Shiva mythology, Lord Shiva decided to reside here at the request of Godavari River, Gautam Rishi and all other deities and got the name Trimbakeshwar. Gautam Rishi received a boon from the groom in the form of a pot, from which he could not describe grains and food.

Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga, Nasik
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Other gods get jealous of him and they send a cow to get into the grain. Gautam Rishi mistakenly killed the cow, then asked Lord Shiva to do anything to clean the courtyard. Lord Shiva asked the Ganga to flow through the earth to make it pure. Everyone praised the God who lived beside the Ganges in the form of Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga. Hindus believe that this Jyotirlinga in Maharashtra is the place where everyone’s wishes can be met.

11. Kedarnath Jyotirlinga, Uttarakhand

Kedarnath Jyotirlinga, Uttarakhand

Kedarnath Temple, one of the most sacred shrines in India, is situated atop a mountain called Kedar in the Rudra Himalayan Range. It is about 150 miles from Hardwar.

The Jyotirlinga Temple is only open six months of the year. Tradition has it that when the people of Kedarnath go on a pilgrimage, they first visit Yamunotri and Gangotri and bring the holy water that is offered in Kedarnath. According to mythology, the two incarnations of Lord Vishnu who rejoiced in the intense penance of Nara and Narayana, Lord Shiva took up his abode in Kedarnath in this Jyotirlinga form. People believe that praying on this site fulfills his wish.

12. Ghrishneshwar Jyotirlinga, Aurangabad

        Ghrineshwar Jyotirlinga is located in a village called Varel, 20 km from Daulatabad, near U Rangabad in Maharashtra. The Ajanta & Ellora Caves are a popular tourist spot near the temple.

The temple was built by Ahilyabai Holkar, who also rebuilt the Kashi Vishwanath Temple in Varanasi.

The Grineshwar Temple is also known by other names such as Kusameshwara, Gushmeshwara, Grushmeshwara, and Grishneshwara. According to Shiva mythology, a couple named Sudharm and Sudeha lived on Mount Devagiri. They had no children, so Sudeha married her sister, Gushman, Sudharm.

Ghrishneshwar Jyotirlinga, Aurangabad

They have begotten a son who is proud of Gushman and envious of Sudeh and his sister. In his jealousy, Sudeha threw his son into the lake, where Ghushma released 101 lingas. Ghushma prayed to Lord Shiva who finally gave her son back and told him about his sister’s deeds. Sudharma requested the liberation of Lord Shiva, which pleased Lord Shiva for his misfortune. At the request of Sudharm, Lord Shiva manifested himself in the form of Jyotirlinga and became known as Ghushmeshwar.

Author: praveen

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